CompTIA+ Security+ SY0-501 Review Notes: All About Spyware

someone using their gadgetsExperts at CertBlaster would tell you that 21% of the CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 certification exam is about threats, attacks, and vulnerabilities and one of its topics is spyware. Spyware is essentially software for spying. For hackers, it’s a tool for gathering financial information including credit card details, as well as online banking passwords and accounts. For advertisers, spyware is for establishing your online browsing habits so that they could serve you ads relevant to you.

However, determining if spyware is installed in a device could be challenging since it’s specifically developed to be sneaky and run in the background unnoticed while collecting sensitive information and providing its author remote access to a target device. This undoubtedly makes spyware among the most potentially damaging malware types since it goes beyond and over damaging data and devices, and targets real assets and personal information.

How Spyware Works

Spyware could come in various forms and perform many illicit activities. In general, however, the following are the main activities that spyware could do:

  • Monitoring Online Activities – Some cookies used for tracking users’ online behavior are considered as spyware since they monitor the online activities of users and report their findings to advertisers, so they could, in turn, provide relevant content and ads. However, spyware could do more malicious forms of monitoring.
  • Logging User Keystrokes – Also known as keyloggers, this type of spyware is utilized for gathering passwords and monitoring communications that happen with the use of the keyboard.
  • Making Devices Sluggish – In most cases, the most significant sign of a spyware infection is a sluggish system since it makes use of the device’s Internet bandwidth and procession power for sending stolen information to its author.
  • Controlling The Device – Some Trojan spyware are capable of making modifications to the device’s security settings to enable remote access and control over the target device.

Protecting Against Spyware

The most effective way to protect a computer system against spyware is to prevent it from getting into the system in the first place. The problem is that in some instances, clicking on attachments from emails and downloading programs is inevitable. And sometimes even a seemingly trustworthy website or email contact could be compromised and used to infect a target computer system. That being said, for better protection, computer systems should be outfitted with a reputable antivirus solution with powerful scanning capabilities. These security solutions also come with malware removal capabilities to help in identifying and getting rid of spyware.

Comments are closed.